A summary of the Black History in the United States of America

> 1619: The first black slaves are brought to America from Angola and they are sold in special slave auction in Virginia and the most slaves work on the large tabacco, sugar and cotton plantations.
The first black slaves

> 1662: Anthony Johnson becomes the first free African-American. He buys his freedom and creates the first free black community.
Anthony Johnson

> 1775: The Pennsylvanian Society for the Abolition of Slavery is the first American organisation to fight against slavery.
The Pennsylvanian Society for the Abolition of Slavery
Its president is Benjamin Franklin.
Benjamin Franklin

> 1777: Vermont is the first state to abolish slavery.

> 1852: "Uncle Tom´s Cabin", by Harriet Beecher Stowe, is the first anti-slavery novel. It tells the story of a slave who is killed by his master and the book also describes the "Undergroud Railway".
Harriet Beecher Stowe

The Underground Railway is an anti-slavery organisation that helps slaves who have escaped to cross the border into Canada.

> 1861-1865: Civil war breaks out between the confederate Southern states (that support slavery) and the Union (that opposes slavery). In 1865 the Union wins and slavery is abolished.
Civil war 1861

> 1868-1875: Many amendments (changes) are made the constitution to give civil rights to African-Americans.
civil rights to Afr

> 1890: Segrefation laws are introduced in Southern states in a series of "jim Crow laws". Blacks are secregated from whites on public transport and in public places.

> 1920s: The African-American cultural movement called the Harlem Renaissance is at its height in the 1920s.
Harlem Renaissance
Jazz and blues become popular and musicians such as Louis Amstrong and Duke Ellington was famous.

> 1939: Billie Holiday, the great jazz and blues singer, records "Strange Fruit", about blacks being lynched by the Ku klux Klan in the Southern States.
billie holiday strange fruit
Ku klux KlanKu klux Klan

> 1956: Rosa Parks is arrested for violating segregation laws when she refuses to give her bus seat to a White man.
Rosa Parks
Black civil rights activists, led by Martin Luther King, boycott all city buses in protest and after one year the laws are abolished.

> 1963: Martin Luther King leads a march in Washington and delivers his famous speech=
"I have a dream. That one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of formers slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood..."
kingMartin Luther King
In 1964 he is awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace and in 1968 he is assassinated by Earl Ray.

> 1967: Champion boxer Muhammad Ali refuses to fight in the Vietnam war saying= "I ain´t got no quarrel with the Vietcong." and as a result his passport is taken away and is banned from boxing. Ali wins the legal battle to return to boxing in 1971 and becomes World Champion.
Muhammad Ali Vietcong

> 1993: Toni Morrison becomes the first African-American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. Her books include= "Beloved" and "The Bluest Eye".

> Actually (2015): 12.7 % of all the people in the US are of African-American descent .Barack Obama is the current President of the United States and was elected as America’s first black president.

Barack Obamapusd




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