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SCOTLAND

History and map

Scotland is the northern part of Great Britain but has always considered itself to be separate from Great Britain.
scotland.jpg
The Romans built Hadrian´s Wall to keep the Celtic Scots out of the rest of Britain and through the centuries the Scots fought to gain and keep their independence until Scotland signed the Act of Union and became part of the UK.
Hadrians Wall
It lost its government but kept its own legal and education systems. In 1997 the Scottish and the Welsh voted to have separate parliaments from England (the devolution) and in 1999 the first Scottish parliament was elected. The parliament can decide most of its own laws but is still dependent on the British Parliament for certain issues such as war and national security.

Flag and Patron Saint

Bratach na h-Alba:
Scottishflag.jpg

Saint Andrew:
sanandres.jpg

Land and Islands

Scotland includes 790 islands. The most famous are:
the Shetlands
Shetlands scotland

the Orkneys
Orkneys.jpg

the Hebrides
hebrides scotland

Scotland is a hilly country with the mountainous Highlands in the north and the hilly Uplands in the south.
Scotland mountainous
The Orkney and Shetland Islands are famous for their woollen jumpers. The Shetland are also the home of the smallest horses or ponies.

Cland and Kilts

Scotland is famous for its clands, the Gaelic word for families. The clans were extended family groups who often lived in the same area. Sometimes clans fought each other to control larger areas and sometimes they united to fight their common enemy: the English.
ScottishClanLeaders.jpg
Many clan names begin with Mac or Mc, wich is Gaelic for "son of".
Most of the important clans had their own tartan.
scottishtartans.jpg
clans410.jpg
They used the tartan to make the kilts which all Scottish men wore and still wear kilts, mainly for special occasions.
paradetartans2.jpg

Art

George Mackay Brown is known as the bard (poet) of Orkney
GeorgeMackayBrown.jpg
and many people travel for the Orkney International Science Festival.
Orkney International Science Festival
The festival mixes science and arts for a complete culture experience.

The Edinburgh Festival

In August the population of Edinburgh increase of visitors that come to the city for its annual celebration of the arts.
The festival includes six smaller festivals: the art festival, the international festival for theatre and opera, the film festival, the fringe festival for alternative comedy theatre and music, the jazz and blues festival and the book festival.
Each year important exhibitions bring the best of international art to Scotland as well as showcasting young local artists.
The Edinburgh Festival

Children´s rights in Scotland

Scotland has a unique way of dealing with children who commit crimes. Children who commite crimes are not considered to be ciminals, but young people with problems who need to be helped.
sccypsct.png
The children and their families go to a special "Children´s Hearing" where they talk to psycologists and social workers. This system also means that children avoid having a criminal record, however, some people say the method is too "soft" and that some young people need to be disciplined.




ENGLAND

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