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WALES

History and Flag

Wales is the smallest country in Great Britain.
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In 1283 Wales was conquered by Edward I of England and his son became the Prince of Wales. Since then the heir to the English throne has always been called the prince of Wales.
Edward I of England

The dragon is one of the symbols of Wales.
wales flag

It is the only country in the United Kingdom not to be represented in the Union Jack flag
, because Wales and England were united under one king when the flag was created. However, the Welsh have a strong sense of national identity and the Welsh language is spoken as a first language by one in five people.

Bilingualism

Wales is a bilingual country and 20 % of the people speak Welsh as their first language.
The words Wales and Welsh come from wealh, the Anglo-Saxo word for "foreigner".
The Welsh word for Wales is Cymru, which means "friends" or "companions"; the Welsh pride themselves on being friendly and welcoming and also they are proud of their language and all the road signs are bilingual.
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Art of the music

The arts in Wales have become very important and this explotion of talent is called "Cool Cymru" because it makes young people proud to say they are from Wales.
Welsh bands to look out for include Stereophonics, Catatonia and Super Furry Animals.
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The Eisteddfod

The Eisteddfod, wich means "sitting together", is the biggest event in Wales and is a celebration of Welsh music and culture with contests for the best singers, choirs and poets.
The Eisteddfod
The first Eisteddfod was in 1176 when Lord Rhys invited all the best poets and musicians to perform at his castle in Cardigan.
One of the most colourful parts of the festival is the Gorsedd of the Bards, an association of the best poets, writers, musicians and artist in Wales. Its members are called druids and they wear long, coloured robes.
As well as competitions there are sports events, stalls and an alternative music festival where Welsh pop and rock groups perform.

The tradition and myths

Wales is famous for its stories, myths and traditions.

An example of Welsh myth is the story of Gelert.
the story of Gelert
Gelert is the name of a legendary dog associated with the village of Beddgelert in north-west Wales.
Here, the dog is alleged to have belonged to Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd, a gift from King John of England. In this legend, Llywelyn returns from hunting to find his baby missing, the cradle overturned, and the dog with a blood-smeared mouth. Believing the dog savaged the child, Llywelyn draws his sword and kills it. After the dog's dying yelp Llywelyn hears the cries of the baby, unharmed under the cradle, along with a dead wolf which had attacked the child and been killed by Gelert. Llywelyn is then overcome with remorse and he buries the dog with great ceremony, yet he can still hear the dying yelp. After that day Llywelyn never smiles again.

Vegetarianism

Saint David, the Patron Saint of Wales was a vegetarian and the same with the Prince Charles, the prince of Wales.
Patron Saint of Wales
Vegetarian choose not ot eat meat, the vegans choose the same but also they don´t eat any of their by products such as animal fats and cheeses.
Most vegetarians in Wales eat dairy products and free-range eggs.
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Sport

Sport is an important part of Welsh life. There are the Paralympics abd if course, the Rugby.
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Rugby is named after Rugby School in England, where it was played. No-one is sure how rugby first started but one story says that in 1823 William Webb Ellis, a student at Rugby School, caught the ball and ran with it towards the opponent´s goal line during a game of football.
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The first official set of rules were made in 1862 when former Rugby students wanted to form clubs and have competitions outside of Rugby School.
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